The Jacquard loom is a power loom, invented by Joseph Marie Jacquard, first demonstrated in 1801, that simplifies the process of manufacturing textiles with such complex patterns as brocade, damask and matelassé.The loom was controlled by a “chain of cards”, a number of punched cards, laced together into a continuous sequence.Multiple rows of holes were punched on each card, with one complete card corresponding to one row of the design. Several such paper cards, generally white in color, can be seen in the images below. Chains, like Bouchon’s earlier use of paper tape, allowed sequences of any length to be constructed, not limited by the size of a card.
It is based on earlier inventions by the Frenchmen Basile Bouchon (1725), Jean Baptiste Falcon (1728) and Jacques Vaucanson (1740).A static display of a Jacquard loom is the centrepiece of the Musée des Tissus et des Arts décoratifs in Lyon. Live displays of a Jacquard loom are available at a few private museums around Lyon and also twice a day at La Maison des Canuts, as well as at other locations around the world.
Both the Jacquard process and the necessary loom attachment are named after their inventor, (Joseph Marie Jacquard). This mechanism is probably one of the most important weaving inventions as Jacquard shedding made possible the automatic production of unlimited varieties of pattern weaving. The term “Jacquard” is not specific or limited to any particular loom, but rather refers to the added control mechanism that automates the patterning. The process can also be used for patterned knitwear and machine-knitted textiles, such as jerseys.
Now after Understanding the History of Jacquard. Lets focus on Jacquard Saree. Jacquard Saree are any saree with self designs, patterns, embossing, and all kinds of weaving.
Jacquard Saree are sarees on Crepe, Silk, Cotton, Satin fabric etc. All these fabrics are suitable for embossing and weaving on it as a texture.
They are popular on Crepe Fabric and are most in vogue at Weddings, Parties, Evening Dinners etc especially during winters.
Intricate Fashions has more than 500+ Designs of Jacquard Saree in its Catalog Portfolio. Printed Jacquard Saree range begins from upwards of 500 INR, and Fancy Embroidered Jacquard Saree Range beings from upwards of 1500 INR
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